North Tyneside is a Metropolitan Borough that lies in the North East of England. It is bordered by the River Tyne to the south, the North Sea to the east, the county of Northumberland to the north and the city of Newcastle upon Tyne to the west.
It was formed on 1 April 1974 by the merging of the County Borough of Tynemouth, the Boroughs of Wallsend and Whitley Bay, Longbenton Urban District and the Backworth, Earsdon and Shiremoor Wards of Seaton Valley Urban District.
Its area is approximately 32 square miles (84 square km), with a population of 192,000 (Source: 2001 Census Data)
During the first half of the 20th Century the area was known for shipbuilding, heavy engineering, mining and fishing. Thereafter as the traditional industries declined, they were replaced by some service industries.
The area is linked to other parts of the North East by the Tyne Tunnel, the Shields Tyne Ferry and the Metro train service. An international ferry terminal based at Royal Quays, North Shields is a gateway to overseas destinations, including Norway, Sweden, Holland and Germany.
'Geordie' is known throughout the world as a distinctive dialect of the North East area.